迎新:ArchDaily 给建筑学新生的26条建议

    踏入校门的第一天,你调整至最佳状态,这也许是你人生目前最困难的时刻。
    ArchDaily为建筑学的新生们准备了一份终极建议列表。世界上没有其他学科像建筑学一样,我们希望这份表单可以帮助你准备应对这份独一无二的疑惑和挑战。
 
    给建筑学新生的26条建议
    ArchDaily's Ultimate List of Advice for Incoming Architecture Students


    MAKE THE MOST OF YOUR TIME
    
 
School is what you make of it, so give it your best. 

    1、多提问 Ask Questions
    一般来说,你拥有前所未有的学习环境,你的周围不乏才智之士,所以尽可能地利用这些资源。
    You will (most likely) never be in this type of learning environment and be surrounded by this many intellectuals again, so make the most of it.

    2、勤自学 Teach yourself
    尽管你会向你的老师、同学学习,但是自学那些课外内容同样重要。网络上有无数丰富、持续更新的珍贵无价的导师。
    Even though you'll be learning from your teachers and fellow students, it's important to teach yourself the things that aren't always included in the curriculum. The internet is home to a beautiful, magnificent, constantly-updated treasure trove of tutorials. 

    3、组织和辑录你的研究 Organize & catalog your research
    数字时代,信息超载过量,花些时间去组织你的研究不仅可以提炼你的研究成果,还可以帮助提升你的判断力,甚至可以作为未来研究使用的工具。
    In the digital age, information can be excessive and overwhelming. Taking the time to organize your research not only refines your results, but helps develop your taste and can serve as a tool in the future. 

    4、旅行 Travel
    体验一个城市或建筑,实地亲身体验当然是最好的办法。并且这也会让你的履历看起来更丰富。
    Nothing can compare to experiencing a city or building in person - and it will look good on your resume. 

    5、读你能读到的所有书 Read all that you can
    使用你的学院图书馆去搜寻期刊、书籍。订阅你最喜欢网站的RSS推送。
    Use your school's library to comb through journals and books. Follow your favorite site's RSS feeds.

    6、收集建筑类网站,找寻灵感 Visit archiposition for inspiration
    收集各大建筑类网站、公众号(比如有方),找寻设计灵感。

    7、不要害怕质疑你的老师 Don’t be afraid to question your teachers
    你可能很容易老师产生狂热崇拜,并且去做他们说的任何事,但是学习建筑学有很多路可以走,完全复制另一个人的经历并不总是最佳方法。
    It can be tempting to gain favor with your tutors by doing everything they say, but there are many ways to approach architecture and becoming a clone of someone else isn’t always the best way. You’ll produce more interesting and individual architecture by learning from your teachers, but also questioning them occasionally.

    8、坚持 Persevere
    当你学习建筑的时候,挫折将会成为你日常生活的一部分。每一年都在动摇你继续下去的信念,但是如果你热爱建筑,请在你的脑中保留一副更大的图景。
    Frustration will be part of your everyday life when studying architecture. Each year will test your resolve to continue in the profession, but if you love the work, keep mind of the big picture.

    9、耐心 Be Patient
    聆听一位高傲的学者或专家的课程也许异常艰辛,但是其中总还有可以学习的地方,即使并不是非做不可的事。
    Listening to an arrogant colleague or professor might be hard work, but there is always something to learn – even if it's just what not to do.

    10、自由创造 Create freely
    学校是我们大开脑洞的地方。不要让其他人关闭了它。你时常无法为你做出的建筑设计找到原因。只管相信你的直觉,你只有5年时间去自由尝试。
    Schools are there to open our minds. Don't let others close it. Often you will not find reasons for some architectural decisions you make. Just believe in your will. You have just five years of total experimental freedom. 

    11、去上课 Go to class
    这不是废话!但是很多建筑系学生往往忽略课程而专注于设计的完成,这样,你不仅剥夺了做设计之余的休息时间,失去了丰富的课程体验,也是对那些花时间准备课程的老师们的不敬。
    Though this may seem like a no-brainer, often Architecture students skip lectures to work on studio projects. Not only are you depriving yourself of a break from studio and a well-rounded education, it’s the worst form of disrespect to your professors who have spent time preparing their lectures.

    12、保持忙碌 Stay busy
    利用课余时间参加竞赛,或者尝试解决你周边环境的问题,比如让你的教室环境看起来更加宜人。
    Though downtime is rare, find a measurable and resolvable problem to work at when you have it. Enter competitions or try solving problems in your immediate environment, like making your studio more environmentally friendly.


    STAY SANE AND HEALTHY 保持健康
    Architecture school can be strenuous, but you’ll be far more effective as a fully functioning student than as an overworked zombie.
    建筑学院的氛围会比较紧张,但是成为一个完全健康的学生比一个过度工作的僵尸更有效率。

    13、切勿好胜心过强 Don't be competitive
    学校是学习的地方,不是要凌驾于你的同学之上,在一个创造性的领域,那种与他人比较作品的心态不仅是愚蠢的,也是危险的。
    School is about learning, not about "one-upping" your classmates. The mindset of comparing your work to others in a creative field is not only nonsensical, but dangerous.
 

    14、去睡觉 Get some sleep
    熬夜赶图并不是一件浪漫的事,合适的时间控制和努力的工作,通宵熬夜是可以避免的。有时候,你也许会发现熬夜是无法避免的,但是请尽量不要养成熬夜的习惯。
    There’s nothing romantic or cool about slaving away all night at a project. With proper time management and hard work, all-nighters can be avoided. Sometimes, you might find that it’s unavoidable, but try not to make a habit of it.

    15、 加入体育类社团 Join a soccer/dance/etc team
    锻炼身体,保持健康。
    Exercise and time away from studio does a body good. Dodgeball, anyone?

    16、理智购买 Purchase wisely
    一些大学会要求你购买铅笔、钢笔、圆规、炭笔、水彩以及价值不菲的图书。建筑学是最贵的学位之一。所以当你开始购买一系列画具及图书之前,最好先看一看自己到底需要什么。
    Some universities will ask you to show up with pencils, pens, set squares, charcoals, watercolors, and hundreds of dollars’ worth of books. Architecture is one of the most expensive degrees as it is - so when you’re starting out, it’s best to wait and see what you’ll actually use.

    17、享受你的新设计 Enjoy every new project
    每一个设计都应该是一段长时间的乐趣。改变那种区分工作和假期的心态。建筑在你的生活中必须成为你最重要的热爱和挑战。
    Every project should be a long moment of joy and fun. Change the mentality of differentiating work and vacations – Architecture must be both the greatest love and challenge in your life.

    18、保持活力 Stay energized
    准时就餐,保持健康饮食。
    Eat full meals at proper times whenever possible. When it isn’t, make sure to keep healthy snacks available - a tin of almonds and cashews or a crate of clementines can save your life.

    19、交朋友 Make friends
    他人支撑的重要性,或者仅仅是简单的陪伴不能被忽略,不要掉进“孤单天才”的陷阱。你会错过你终生的友谊和潜在的生意伙伴。
    The importance of a support system, and the simple company of others cannot be understated. Don’t fall into the trap of the lonely genius; you could miss out on lifelong friendships and possibly business partners.    


    BE A GOOD STUDIO NEIGHBOR
    These are people you’ll be working with for 4-5 years so leave a good impression!

    20、尊重他人 Respect others
    除非你被授予明确的许可,否则不要触碰他人模型,或者随便使用他人的工具。这听起来像是常识,但是有时候好奇心会促使你不经意的行为。
    Unless you've been given explicit permission, don't touch other people's models and don't rifle through the stuff on their desk. It sounds like common sense, but sometimes curiosity can get the best of you.

    21、尊重教室空间 Respect the space
    保证教室是一个画图学习的地方,建筑学院可以很有趣,但是如果想要保持这种有趣,你需要注意你发出的声响,不要影响到四周教室的同学,在室外打电话,并用耳机听音乐。
    Keep studio a place for work. Architecture school can be fun, and it’s easy to get side tracked by good friends after many long working hours. However, keep the fun – especially if it’s loud, to other parts of the school where people aren’t trying to do their work. Take calls outside and listen to music on your headphones.


    PREPARE FOR THE FUTURE
    Not only will this help you have an easier time after you graduate, you’ll learn more about the profession and do better in school.

    22、建立你的社交网络 Build your network
    你的同学是你最好的合作资源,还有更好的机会以最小付出达到最大结果吗?
    Your classmates are your greatest resource for collaboration. What better time to reach out than when the consequences are the least severe they’ll ever be?   

    23、开放你的职业选择 Keep your options open
    学校给你提供了试验和犯错的计划。建筑是一种多学科交叉的学科,很多毕业生进入了交叉学科的领域,比如时尚产业、图形设计、工业设计和出版行业知识其中很少一部分选择。 
    School is an opportunity for trial and error. Architectural education is a multi-faceted one, often touted as the last true Liberal Arts degree. Many graduates go onto multi-disciplinary practices – fashion, graphic design, industrial design and publication are just a few options.

    24、实践 Build
    通过实习或者投身公益项目积累实践经验。图纸的制作永远不能告诉你完美放置的砌砖墙是多么美丽,木构连接件是多少雅致。越来越多的学校建立了工作室,你将会有机会学习如何实际建造。如果有机会,请加入其中一间工作室。
    Volunteer for Habitat for Humanity or get involved with programs that give you hands on experience. A set of drawings on a piece of paper will never teach you the beauty of a perfectly laid brick wall or the elegance of a wood connection. More and more schools are embracing design/building studios, where you will have the opportunity to learn more about how to actually build. If you have the chance, take one of those studios!

    25、学会写作 Learn to write
    写作在建筑领域是一项无价的技能,它能够使你成功地传达你的设计理念。写作、编辑。更好的描述往往导致更加清晰的设计过程,并且通过写作你将会更好地理解在评图时候应该说些什么。
    Writing is an invaluable skill in architecture that's closely rooted to the successful communication of design ideas. Write. Edit. Repeat. Better articulation often results in a clearer design process and you'll develop a better appreciation for what to say during reviews and crits by practicing in writing.

    26、保持谦虚 Stay humble
    The greatest trap of architecture school is to believe that you are better than others. Recognize that you will always be a student, constantly learning. You are here to provide a service for others – not greedily guard your ideas and look down your nose at those who don’t understand “good design.”

    (全文见:http://www.archdaily.com/772277/back-to-school-archdailys-tips-for-incoming-architecture-students)

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