2012年美国图书馆建筑设计展<上>(Library Design Showcase 2012)

    2012年3月8日~3月14日举办的“2012年美国图书馆建筑设计展”,展示了新建或翻新图书馆的新亮点,很引人注目。

    近年来,随着美国图书馆业改革和转换活动的持续,馆体结构的改变必须支持图书馆服务、任务和读者的变化已成为一大新趋势。这次展出较全面地体现了国外图书馆新馆的建设理念、规划和布局等,给人以耳目一新之感。

    Library Design Showcase 2012:American Libraries’ annual review of the best in new and renovated library facilities
    全文详见:http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/librarydesign12

    全文有12个部分:Youth SpacesThe Outdoor LibraryTechnology EnabledReuse and RestorationService FlexibilityBuilding for AccessibilitySuper SchoolsGreen FacilitiesSmall Projects, Big ImpactFinding Your WayCollaborative LearningThe Shape of Things。其中的设计案例大多为公共图书馆。这里挑选大学图书馆设计案例如下: 

    1、Library Design Showcase 2012:The Outdoor Library
    A library’s building is important, but its exterior can be as well. Many libraries have found ways to integrate the outdoors into their regular services. The following libraries have all found ways to give their patrons the opportunity to enjoy the library and the fresh air at the same time.

    ↗  North Carolina State University, D. H. Hill Library, Raleigh
    The Outdoor Library:One-time funds allowed NCSU to renovate the west wing of the Hill Library. The terrace, which had sat vacant for decades, now provides 54 seats at tables or lounging chairs, with power outlets throughout the space. The renovation also created a technology sandbox with large-scale display and gesture-based computing tools, a silent reading room, and a Creamery offering ice cream and snacks. 

    ↗  University of California at Berkeley School of Law Library 
    The Outdoor Library:The addition to the University of California at Berkeley’s law library included a rooftop garden above a three-story structure. Two of those stories are underground, but skylights direct natural light down to them from the plaza level. The project also created a new west-facing terrace that connects to an existing plaza that serves as a key campus meeting point.

    2、Library Design Showcase 2012:Technology Enabled
    
Librarians know that technology is as much a part of the modern library as books are. The following facilities have incorporated technology into their construction projects in innovative ways.
    时至今日,越来越多的图书管理员深知,计算机网络等技术装备和图书馆藏一样,构成了现代化图书馆的重要组成部分。本期介绍的新建或改建的美国图书馆,用富有创新的方法把计算机网络与馆舍的建设项目巧妙地融为一体,为广大读者提供了卓有成效的服务。
 
    ↗  University of Akron, Ohio, Bierce Library
    Technology Enabled:Bierce Library’s renovation is intended to create a contemporary learning commons that facilitates interaction between students and staff and provides easier access to information through the use of technology. An emerging technology lab houses hands-on exhibitions of the latest technology, while the technology-enhanced formal learning studio supports problem-based learning and multimodal instruction.  
 
    ↗  North Carolina State University, D. H. Hill Library, Raleigh 
    Technology Enabled:The renovation of the Hill Library created spaces with extensive power outlets to support students with laptops. The outdoor terrace has seating for 54 with power outlets around the entire space, including in the railing. The silent reading room seats 70 and has outlets in floorboxes and the exterior glass wall. A technology sandbox area offers access to large-scale display and gesture-based computing tools. 

    ↗  New York University, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
    Technology Enabled:The renovation of the fourth and fifth floors of Bobst Library into a Graduate Research Commons created a space tailored for digitally equipped users that will serve as a template for future phases of the library’s renovation. The commons includes a digital studio with powerful software for audiovisual projects, and a Data Services Studio with equipment focused on geographic information system data and mapping. Both are enclosed with wood and glass partitions to provide security while maintaining visual continuity with the rest of the library.

    3、Library Design Showcase 2012:Reuse and Restoration
    It’s not always feasible to update an existing building for use as a library rather than constructing new, but when it is possible it has the potential to save money, reduce environmental impact, and preserve pieces of local history. The following libraries have all successfully transformed existing spaces—some libraries, some not—to suit current and coming needs. 

    ↗  University of Toronto, Robarts Library
    Reuse and Restoration:With its imposing size, exposed concrete, and hard surfaces, Robarts Library is a formidable example of the brutalist school of architecture of the 1970s. It regularly appears on both most- and least-loved building lists in Toronto. The most recent phase of a multi-year upgrade added a new entry on the south side and two porticos that transformed a little-used second-story lobby into a welcoming arrival hall.

    4、Library Design Showcase 2012:Service Flexibility
    Library needs change as service populations shift, technology marches on, and ideas for new services blossom. These changes can happen over years, but they can also happen day-to-day as patrons seek a venue to serve their needs of the moment. The following buildings have built-in flexibility to adapt to what their patrons require.  

      Angelo State University, Porter Henderson Library, San Angelo, Texas 
    Service Flexibility:The renovation of the Porter Henderson Library created a number of niches throughout the building, each housing one to six students, as well as areas with movable furniture that allow users to create meeting spaces and reconfigure library zones. Classroom space provides computer connectivity for 32 students, but can also be modified for speakers, lectures, or small study groups. 

    ↗  New York University, New York City, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library 
    Service Flexibility:The renovation of Bobst Library’s fourth and fifth floors into a Graduate Research Commons is centered around a large reading room with fixed and movable tables in a number of shapes to encourage collaborative study. Zones become less interactive away from the reading room, with rooms for small groups and individuals, as well as consultation rooms where faculty can advise students in teams or singly. 

    ↗  University of British Columbia Faculty of Law at Allard Hall, Vancouver
    Service Flexibility:Dedicated group-study rooms and open casual-study space are located adjacent to the library in Allard Hall. The building has opened itself for the entire university population, not just the law school: A wood-clad atrium is equipped with retractable seats and can be used as a lecture hall, for fundraising events, or as a moot court. Classrooms are designed with horseshoe seating to encourage debate and collaborative learning.

    5、Library Design Showcase 2012: Building for Accessibility
    Ensuring that all people can use a library regardless of age, background, or physical ability is one of the profession's central tenets. These projects have put special effort into making sure that the finished building is accessible to all. 

    ↗  East Central College, Beuscher Hall, Library and Learning Center, Union, Missouri 
    Building for Accessibility:The existing library in Beuscher Hall was a multi-level space that provided little natural light. To improve accessibility to people with limited mobility, the renovation in-filled large depressed sections of the floor and removed interior demising walls to create an open floor plan. Specialized rooms for group and private study, testing services, adaptive labs, and instruction ring the perimeter of the space. 

    ↗  Greenfield (Mass.) Community College Library 
    Building for Accessibility:Greenfield Community College is the only institute of higher education in its county. The renovation and expansion of the campus Core, which includes the library and several other services, eliminated a physical and emotional barrier to entry in the form of a 44-step staircase at the main entrance. A patio replaced the stairs, and elevator access from the ground floor enables access to any space within the building. Extensive use of glass allows natural light into the library, offering views of the surrounding area to library patrons and inviting people into the building.

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