Juniper交换机命令整理

2010-06-29 08:34

1.连接VCP    Configure SWA-0 with the virtual management Ethernet (VME) interface for    out-of-band management of the Virtual Chassis configuration, if desired.    [edit]    user@SWA-0# set interfaces vme unit 0 family inet /ip-address/mask/    show">user@SWA-0>show virtual-chassis status    Virtual Chassis ID: 0019.e250.47a0    Mastership Neighbor List    Member ID Status Serial No Model priority Role ID Interface    0 (FPC 0) Prsnt AK0207360276 ex4200-48p 128 Master* 1 vcp-0    1 vcp-1    1 (FPC 1) Prsnt AK0207360281 ex4200-24t 128 Backup 0 vcp-0    0 vcp-1    Member ID for next new member: 2 (FPC 2)    user@SWA-0> show virtual-chassis vc-port all-members    fpc0:    --------------------------------------------------------------------------    Interface Type Status    or    PIC / Port    vcp-0 Dedicated Up    vcp-1 Dedicated Up    fpc1:    --------------------------------------------------------------------------    Interface Type Status    or    PIC / Port    vcp-0 Dedicated Up    vcp-1 Dedicated Up    Modify the mastership priority values(修改VC组成员优先级缺省是128)    [edit virtual-chassis]    user@SWA-1# set member 1 mastership-priority 255    缺省情况下EX交换机的端口都配置为L2的方式,如果需要更改为L3接口,需要删除原接口2层封装 del interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family ethernet-switching    set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.100.2/24    创建VLAN    set vlans name vlan-id xx    配置VLAN的L3接口地址    set vlans name l3-interface vlan.xx    set interface vlan xx unit xx family inet address x.x.x.x/24    将某个交换端口添加到创建好的VLAN中    set interface ge-0/0/x unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode access vlan members name    配置TRUNK端口    set interface ge-0/0/23 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk native-vlan-id 1 vlan member xx    配置冗余RE组    set groups re0 system host-name GZ_LAB_M10i_1_RE0    set groups re0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 172.27.69.34/24    set groups re0 routing-options static route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 172.27.69.1    set groups re1 system host-name GZ_LAB_M10i_1_RE1    set groups re1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 172.27.69.35/24    set groups re1 routing-options static route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 172.27.69.1    配置VRF并绑定3层VLAN 接口    set routing-instances vrf-1 instance-type vrf    set routing-instances vrf-1 interface vlan.10    set routing-instances vrf-1 route-distinguisher 65000:100    set routing-instances vrf-1 vrf-target target:65000:100    set routing-instances vrf-2 instance-type vrf    set routing-instances vrf-2 interface vlan.20 set routing-instances vrf-2 route-distinguisher 65000:200    set routing-instances vrf-2 vrf-target target:65000:200    show route ter  可以看到路由分类    配置各VRF到PE的路由分别以OSPF和静态举例:=================================================    set routing-instances vrf-1 instance-type vrf    set routing-instances vrf-1 interface vlan.10    set routing-instances vrf-1 route-distinguisher 65000:100    set routing-instances vrf-1 vrf-target target:65000:100    set routing-instances vrf-1 protocols ospf area 0.0.0.0 interface vlan.10    show ospf neighbor instance vrf-1    set routing-instances vrf-2 instance-type vrf    set routing-instances vrf-2 interface vlan.20    set routing-instances vrf-2 route-distinguisher 65000:200    set routing-instances vrf-2 vrf-target target:65000:200    set routing-instances vrf-2 routing-options static route 0.0.0.0/0 next-hop 192.168.20.2    配置EX交换机上行TRUNK端口的冗余,假设该EX有两个GE上行到两台汇聚层或核心层交换机,===========================    这两个端口都配置为TRUNK 并作为redundant trunk group 时将不再考虑STP的问题    [edit]    set ethernet-switching-options redundant-trunk-group group-name group1    set ethernet-switching-options redundant-trunk-group group-name group1 interface ge-0/0/9.0 primary    set ethernet-switching-options redundant-trunk-group group-name group1 interface ge-0/0/10.0 配置完成后检查:    user@switch> show redundant-trunk-group group1    EX 3200 系列交换机还提供完整的端口安全特性,包括DHCP    Snooping(动态主机配置协议侦听)、DAI(动态ARP检测)和MAC    限制来抵御内外部侦听、中间人攻击和拒绝服务(DoS)攻击。    安全性    ● MAC 地址限制    ● 允许的MAC 地址数——可逐端口配置    ● 动态 ARP 检测(DAI)    ● 本地代理ARP    ● 静态ARP 支持    ● DHCP 侦听    访问控制表(ACL)(JUNOSTM 防火墙过滤器)    ● 基于端口的ACL(PACL)——入口    ● 基于VLAN 的ACL(VACL)——入口和出口    ● 基于路由器的 ACL(RACL)——入口和出口    ● 每个系统在硬件中支持的ACL 条目(ACE):7,000    ● 用于计算被拒绝的数据包的ACL 计算器    ● 用于计算获准数据包的ACL 计算器    ● 能够在列表中间添加/ 删除/ 更改ACL 条目(ACL 编辑)    ● L2-L4 ACL    ● 基于802.1X 端口    ● 802.1X 多个请求方    ● 采用VLAN 分配机制的802.1X    ● 采用验证旁路接入机制的802.1X(基于主机MAC 地址)    ● 支持VoIP VLAN 的802.1X    ● 基于RADIUS 属性的802.1X 动态ACL    ● 802.1X 支持的EAP 类型:MD5,TLS,TTLS,PEAP    ● MAC 验证(本地)    ● 控制平面DoS 防御    配置EX交换机的port-securit 及DHCP Snooping 端口的MAC限制绑定MAC地址:==================================    DAI保护EX系列交换机不被 ARP欺骗,同时保护在局域网中DHCP侦听数据库的 ARP缓存不 被攻击。 [edit ethernet-switching-options secure-access-port]    端口的MAC地址数限制    set interface ge-0/0/1 mac-limit 4 action drop    端口的MAC地址绑定    set interface ge-0/0/2 allowed-mac 00:05:85:3A:82:80    set interface ge-0/0/2 allowed-mac 00:05:85:3A:82:81    set interface ge-0/0/2 allowed-mac 00:05:85:3A:82:83    set interface ge-0/0/2 allowed-mac 00:05:85:3A:82:85    set interface ge-0/0/2 allowed-mac 00:05:85:3A:82:88    set interface ge-0/0/2 mac-limit 4 action drop    配置到DHCP服务器连接端口的信任    set interface ge-0/0/8 dhcp-trusted    配置在需要做端口安全的VLAN加入防止DHCP欺骗参数及在该VLAN中MAC移动的限制:    set vlan employee–vlan arp-inspection    DAI的配置    set vlan employee-vlan examine-dhcp    set vlan employee-vlan mac-move-limit 5 action drop    配置完成检查:    user@switch> show dhcp snooping binding    user@switch> show arp inspection statistics 检查交换机上DAI 的工作情况    user@switch> show ethernet-switching table    配置EX交换机的RSTP功能 :===========================================    Step-by-Step Procedure    To configure interfaces and RSTP on Switch 1:    Configure the VLANs voice-vlan, employee-vlan, guest-vlan, and camera-vlan:    [edit vlans]    user@switch1# set voice-vlan description “Voice VLAN”    user@switch1# set voice-vlan vlan-id 10 user@switch1# set employee-vlan description “Employee VLAN”    user@switch1# set employee-vlan vlan-id 20    user@switch1# set guest-vlan description “Guest VLAN”    user@switch1# set guest-vlan vlan-id 30    user@switch1# set camera-vlan description “Camera VLAN”    user@switch1# set guest-vlan vlan-id 40    Configure the VLANs on the interfaces, including support for the Ethernet Switching protocol:    [edit interfaces]    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/13 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [10 20 30 40]    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/9 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [10 20 30 40]    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/11 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [10 20 30 40]    Configure the port mode for the interfaces:    [edit interfaces]    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/13 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/9 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/11 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk    Configure RSTP on the switch:    [edit protocols]    user@switch1# rstp bridge-priority 16k    user@switch1# rstp interface ge-0/0/13.0 cost 1000 (配置相同的接口COST和RSTP模式,只参考优先级)    user@switch1# rstp interface ge-0/0/13.0 mode point-to-point    user@switch1# rstp interface ge-0/0/9.0 cost 1000 user@switch1# rstp interface ge-0/0/9.0 mode point-to-point    user@switch1# rstp interface ge-0/0/11.0 cost 1000    user@switch1# rstp interface ge-0/0/11.0 mode point-to-point    配置完成后检查 :    user@switch1> show spanning-tree interface    配置EX交换机的MSTP功能:==============================================    Step-by-Step Procedure    To configure interfaces and MSTP on Switch 1:    Configure the VLANs voice-vlan, employee-vlan, guest-vlan, and camera-vlan:    [edit vlans]    user@switch1# set voice-vlan description “Voice VLAN”    user@switch1# set voice-vlan vlan-id 10    user@switch1# set employee-vlan description “Employee VLAN”    user@switch1# set employee-vlan vlan-id 20    user@switch1# set guest-vlan description “Guest VLAN”    user@switch1# set guest-vlan vlan-id 30    user@switch1# set camera-vlan description “Camera VLAN”    user@switch1# set guest-vlan vlan-id 40    Configure the VLANs on the interfaces, including support for the Ethernet Switching protocol:    [edit interfaces]    user@switch1# set ge–0/0/13 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [10 20 30 40]    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/9 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [10 20 30 40]    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/11 unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members [10 20 30 40]    Configure the port mode for the interfaces:    [edit interfaces]    user@switch1# set ge–0/0/13 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/9 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk    user@switch1# set ge-0/0/11 unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode trunk    Configure MSTP on the switch, including the two MSTIs:    [edit protocols]    user@switch1# mstp configuration-name region1    user@switch1# mstp bridge-priority 16k    user@switch1# mstp interface ge-0/0/13.0 cost 1000    user@switch1# mstp interface ge-0/0/13.0 mode point-to-point    user@switch1# mstp interface ge-0/0/9.0 cost 1000    user@switch1# mstp interface ge-0/0/9.0 mode point-to-point    user@switch1# mstp interface ge-0/0/11.0 cost 4000    user@switch1# mstp interface ge-0/0/11.0 mode point-to-point    user@switch1# mstp msti 1 bridge-priority 16k    user@switch1# mstp msti 1 vlan [10 20]    user@switch1# mstp msti 1 interface ge-0/0/11.0 cost 4000    user@switch1# mstp msti 2 bridge-priority 8k    user@switch1# mstp msti 2 vlan [30 40]    配置完成后检查:    user@switch1> show spanning-tree interface    user@switch1> show spanning-tree bridge

点击微信扫一扫

最近留言

没有数据
扫描二维码访问
欢迎使用手机扫描二维码访问