Harbin Institute of Technology Newsletter Special Issue 2020
Harbin Institute of Technology Celebrating Its 100th Anniversary
The School of Architecture (SA) at Harbin Institute of Technology is one of the oldest architecture schools in China，as well as the leading institution guiding the research and education of human-environmental science. SA has comprehensive humanenvironmental disciplines，comprising architecture，urban and rural planning，landscape architecture，design，heating，gas supplying，ventilation engineering，etc.
As a key role in people's livelihood，the architectural industry has been playing a fundamental character in national and local economic and social development over a century. Meanwhile，it also played a driving role in cultural heritage and development. The architectural discipline at HIT began with the construction needs of the Middle East Railway (a transportation line connecting Eurasia and the Siberian Railway Spur Line)，which directly promoted the construction of several towns along the line and their socio-economic development. In the past century，SA has integrated Chinese and Western architectural culture，deeply cultivated regional characteristics，closely followed the development of science and technology，explored future architecture，and achieved numerous pioneering accomplishments.
Facing global issues such as the energy crisis and environmental pollution，based on the regional characteristics of cold buildings，SA explores major basic scientific issues and key technologies in the cold building science and engineering field. As early as the 1980s，SA presided over the construction of China's first energy-saving demonstration community. Now，SA is hosting the design of the 2022 Winter Olympics Chongli Prince Town's Ice and Snow Town Project. Breakthroughs have been made in the field of Chinese cold architecture design.
Meanwhile，SA aims at the problem of convergence of cultural characteristics under a realistic background，taking Northeast China's regional characteristic culture as a profound base，and relying on the study of the protection of cultural heritage in cities and towns along the Middle East Railway，for which it has won the United Nations Asia-Pacific Cultural Heritage Protection Honor Award. Moreover，SA creatively launched the International Ice and Snow Innovation Design and Construction Competition that has promoted innovative research and international exchange on snow and ice buildings.
In recent years, in the context of the rapid development of global information technology and artificial intelligence technology, SA has pioneered and expanded the frontier crossing fields of Computational Design in China, established a green performance-oriented building digital energy-saving design theory, proposed a cold building form multi-objective optimization design method , explored the green performance neural network prediction method for cold buildings, developed dynamic building information modeling technology under performance-driven thinking, and developed the GANN-BIM architectural computational design platform. The research results have been applied to many cold construction projects and won China's architectural design gold and silver awards. In addition, in light of the national innovation-driven strategy for the training of professional talents, SA explored the talent training system for the construction industry under the new engineering education concept, and was approved for the new discipline of Intelligent Architecture and Construction.
The SA Human Environmental Discipline Group is committed to creating a good living environment for human beings and establishing excellent urban and architectural culture. In recent years, SA has continuously optimized resource allocation, integrated and expanded research platforms, and provided sustainable support for the scientific development of human settlements and the cultivation of innovative talents. In addition, China's current urbanization process, energy, natural resources, and health challenges provide SA with a good opportunity to conduct proactive research projects. In the future, SA will make a greater contribution to global education and research on human settlements.